This page also acts as a Reference and Bibliography for Works Cited as my sources, which I have utilised in my research associated with the historical record of Ben Hall and his Associates. The source of all Newspaper accounts. New Zealand Newspapers past. Exceptionally good reference on the Aboriginal Trackers of the Australian Police forces. Parramatta Female Factory.  Site for John Vane biography by Craig Bratby.
The above link takes you to John Vane's Biography and first hand account of life in the gang as told to Charles White. This biography is in many cases completely out of context as to continuity however, is very good in the description of life in the gang. Creates a flase impression as to Hall's character and as if to deflect Vane's own culpability in some atrocities i.e. Barne's murder. After Many Days by Cuthbert Fetherstonhaugh. Referrers to Frank Gardiner's father Charles Christie. The Trooper Police of Australia, by A.L. Haydon. 1911  1900's silent film of Robbery under Arms  This is great footage of Kelly's story and worth a look. The film is part of a recording from Wild Australia’s performance of ‘The Kelly Gang’ that took place at London’s Crystal Palace as part of the Festival of Empire in 1911 and thought to be based on the siege at Glenrown and the murder of Sherritt. Silent film of Thunderbolt, great footage. Three years with Thunderbolt by Ambrose Pratt : being the narrative of William Monckton who for three years attended the famous outlaw, Frederick Ward, better known as Captain Thunderbolt as servant, companion, and intimate friend: during which period he shared the bushranger's crimes and perils, and was twice severely wounded in encounters with the police. Radio play Rogues Gallery on Capt Moonlight. Debate on the prerogative of pardon as involved in the release of Gardiner & other prisoners. Speeches-by The Hon. Henry Parkes, Colonial Secretary against Mr Combes' motion intercepting supply, June 1874 For the Term of His Natural Life is a 1927 Australian film, based on the novel by Marcus Clarke, directed, produced and co-written by Norman Dawn. Very good.   "The story of the Australian Bushrangers" by George Boxall - Unfortunately much of the history is inacurate.  "Ben Hall Bushranger"by D.J. Shiel - Quite good although suffers from some inaccuracies and assumptions.  The Adventures of Ralph Rashleigh -- republished by Lloyd O'Neil 1970 (The ship Magnet referred to is actually Midas, research indicates there is no record of a ship Magnet in the Australian history of convict transport.)  The Felony of New South Wales: Being a Faithful Picture of the Real Romance, by James Mudie.  Frank Gardiner, Ben Hall and Gang, by Jack Bradshaw A very badly constructed and misleading account of Ben Hall and others. Some of the material appears to be derived straight from John Maguire's book. After many day's; being the reminiscences of Cuthbert Fetherstonhaugh. An account of Gardiner's capture. see page 246. Those Were the Days; Fitzpatrick, J. C. L. (John Charles Lucas) see page 124 titled Dan Mayne and Sir Frederick Pottinger. One of the very best accounts of the demise of the gallant Baronet.   Mitchell and Dixson collections. Outlaws of the Weddin Range, by Ambrose Pratt, A great mixture of fiction and non fiction about Ben Hall first published on the 4th November 1911. Well worth reading. History of Australian Bushranging, Vol 1, by Mr. Charles White, Published 1900. Covers a wide range of bushranger history. Quite good. History of Australian Bushranging, Vol 2, by Mr. Charles White, Published 1900. Covers a wide range of bushranger history. Quite good.  Early History of Bathurst and its surrounds. by Grace Heady-Pooley. Published in 1905 Old Pioneering Days in the Sunny South, by Chas MacAlister. The section on Ben Hall is excellent. 'Hunted down, or, Recollections of crimes & criminals of the Australian colonies from the early days to the present time', E. Graveur, 1882. Some falsehoods but quite good. 'Life of John Wesley Hardin' as Written by Himself was published in 1896. One of America's most prolific bushrangers. LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF FRANK AND JESSE JAMES, THE NOTED WESTERN OUTLAWS. BY HON. J. A. DACUS, Ph. D. Jessie James my Father Written in 1899 by Jessie James Junior  Short history of bushrangers incarcerated at Darlinghurst Gaol.  The History of Carcoar 1815-1881 by Mr. Watson A Steel. Very Good.  A copy of the 'Felons Apprehension Act' 8th April 1865 passed by NSW parliament for the shooting on sight of Hall Gilbert and Dunn. Must read to understand the act. This is a Link to the landscape and places John Vane and Ben Hall & Co. operated around. Many thanks to Craig Bratby for this work.BZ This link will open John McGuire's narrative 'The Biography of a Reliable Old Native', written by W.H. Pinkstone, First published in serial form in the 'Hawkesbury Herald', after many interviews and fireside chats. Quite good however, some sections are misleading and out of context. On the whole very usefull on the break down of Ben Hall.  Occupation of Crown Lands. [18th October, 1861.] An Act for regulating the Occupation of Crown Lands. Ben Hall fell under this act following Mr Wilson's possession of Sandy Creek Station which enabled Hall's home to be destroyed. Must read. This is a link to a very good autobiograghy published in 1928 by a person who goes by the name of 'Four-Score', titled the Tales of the Bushranging Days, and is very acurate regarding the times of Gardiner, Gilbert, and Ben Hall and the Lachlan district.  This link is the story of James Alpin MacPherson who rode from Queensland to the Lachlan to join Ben Hall, late 1864, early 1865 and was subsequently captured by Sir Frederick Pottinger and would eventually be imprisoned on St Helena Island in Moreton Bay, Queensland. The good old days of Molong, by John Charles Lucas Fitzpatrick. Quite good. --
Past and Present Australian Life, by The Rev. J.H.L. Zillman.
HMAS Barbette. Captain William Bligh- Although this is not related to Ben Hall, however, for me, William Bligh is the beau idéal of the spirit of mankind and what one should aspire to, tough, disciplined and unwavering in his duty. Where have these men gone! Bligh is one gentleman who has been unfairly maligned throughout history both as a sea Captain in command of HMS Bounty and HMS Providence; as well as Navigator for James Cook on his fateful last voyage, including Bligh's time as Governor of NSW, 13th August, 1806 - 26th January, 1808 having to endure and be burdened with a corrupt military. The above link is Bligh's own words of the voyage and ultimate mutiny on-board the Bounty and therefore, subsequently, what became the most inspiring tale of survival at sea ever recounted including the strength and discipline demonstrated by Bligh when all others saw gloom and death. As a former serviceman of Her Majesty's Royal Australian Navy, and whilst serving on a Patrol Boat HMAS Barbette in far North Queensland, I sailed the very waters Bligh traversed and walked some of his landfall's such as Restoration Is, Sunday Is and Booby Is, off the Australian coast as well as the Pacific Islands of Tonga, Fiji. A great read! This is an account of Bligh's second voyage as Captian of HMS Providence which is less known. This link is to the journal of Arthur Phillip commander of the first fleet, and the founding father of Australia. 'The Lone Hand' by George Quicke, published in 1911, a somewhat true account of the night of terror faced by Henry Keightley and family. This manuscript also has margin notes from Peter Rotton, brother of Caroline Keightley. Some inaccuracies but on the whole usefull to the researcher. Bailliere's New South Wales 1866 gazetteer and road guide: containing the most recent and accurate information as to every place in the colony: with mapby Bailliere (F. F.) (Firm); Whitworth, Robert P. (Robert Percy), 1831-1901. Brilliant!  Our Portrait Gallery.-NO. XL. The Right Hon. Sir Henry Pottinger, Bart., G.C.B. See pages 426 through to 442. The memior of Sir Henry Pottinger father of Sir Frederick Pottinger.  Robbery Under Arms; by Rolf Bolderwood ( a work of fiction but fabulous.)  Old Bush Songs; Composed and sung in the bushranging, digging, and Overlander days. Edited by A.B. Paterson.  "Australian Pioneers and Reminiscences " by Mr. Bartley. This link will access the wonderful books of Joanna Davis on Sub-inspector William O'Neill who faced Ben Hall at Jugiong in November 1864 the encounter that saw the death of Sgt Parry shot dead by John Gilbert. 1. The O'Neills of Queanbeyan 2. The Queanbeyan O'Neills, A Concise Genealogy. A must read.  THE EARLY HISTORY OF ROCKHAMPTON, DEALING CHIEFLY WITH EVENTS UP TILL 1870. REVISED AND REPRINTED PROM ARTICLES THAT APPEARED IN "THE MORNING BULLETIN" AND "THE OAPRIOORNIAN." by J. T. S. BIRD. Pages 246-256 relate to Frank Gardiner's captured at Apis Creek March 1864.

Books worth reading. ( Which I own.)

The Wild Colonial Boys; By Frank Clune (The book that sparked my interest in the Ben Hall story c.1973)
Ben Hall Sandy Creek Bushranger; by Mr Edgar Penzig
Ben Hall the Definitive Illustrated History; by Mr Edgar Penzig
Frank Gardiner the Bushranger; by Mr Edgar Penzig
The Gold Escort Robbery Trials; by Mr Noel Thurgood (a must read)
The Judas Covenant; by Mr Peter Bradley (a must read)
Ben Hall, Stories from the hard road; by Mr Peter Bradley
Billabong Creek Study; by Peter Bradley (Archaeological study of Strickland & Coneley houses near Ben Hall's death site)
In Defence of Life and Property; by Mr Edgar Penzig (Weapons of the bushranger period)
A Real Flash Cove; by Mr Edgar Penzig (story of John Gilbert)
Tracking down the Bushrangers; by Mr Peter C Smith (great reference for bushranger sites)
Teenage Bushranger; by Mr Kerry Medway (Fiction in all respects)
The Story of the Australian Bushrangers; by G. Boxall (See link above)
John Vane, Biography of a Bushranger; by Mr Craig Bratby
Fire in the Blood;  by Mr Robert Macklin (A yarn about Frank Gardiner and complete nonsense. Don't bother.)
Ben Hall Bushranger; by Mr D.J. Shiel (see link above) 
The Biography of a Reliable Old Native; written by W.H. Pinkstone(Story of John Maguire's life, narrated by John Maguire to W Pinkstone, see link above.)
The Adventures of  Ralph Rashleigh; republished by Lloyd O'Neil ( Fabulous, see link above)
The Felony of New South Wales, Being a Faithful Picture of the Real Romance; by James Mudie(Fabulous, see link above)
The Gold Rush; by David Hill. (a very good read well presented)
Frank Gardiner and Ben Hall; by Jack Bradshaw (See link above) Bradshaw, a petty thief, conman, carnival showman and professional foot-runner, joined a former boxer called "Lovely" Riley in the bungling of several bank robberies. In one successful job they got away with £2,000, but the Kelly gang got the credit. In their worst effort they captured the bank manager of Coolah, NSW, but were driven off empty-handed by the midwife attending the manager's wife. Although he managed to get into gaol for minor robberies even after the turn of the century, ' Bradshaw seemed unable to convince the police that he was more than a petty criminal. If not the police, then the public — so notorious Jack Bradshaw returned to showmanship, appearing in tent shows, lecturing, singing and recounting the "true facts" of the careers (his own among them) of most of the folk
heroes. He was in good enough company for many genuine bushrangers were showmen, bailing up coaches and pubs with great elan, rubbing the Law's nose in the dirt to the delight of their public. Courtesy Canberra Times, 1967. Much of Bradshaw's effort should be taken with a grain of salt and is pinched from MaGuires book, however, the William Hall input is most exciting and genuine.

Frank Gardiner, Bushranger to Businessman (1830-1904); by Alec Morrison. Based on supposition and long held misnomers.
The Moleskin Gentry; by Frederick Howard
Benjamin Hall and Family; by A.A. McLellan (Well worth a look)
Old Pioneering Days in the Sunny South; by Chas MacAlister (see link above)
1788, The People of the First Fleet; by Don Chapman (Very Good)
The good old days of Molong; by John Charles Lucas Fitzpatrick. (see link above) 
Past and Present Australian Life; by The Rev. J.H.L. Zillman. (see link above)
Bushranging Around Carcoar; by Barry Ledger and Kerry Guerin.
Ben Hall's Treasure; by John Donohoe.
Ben Hall's Last Days; by John Donohoe


  1. Hi Mark, I would like to find copies of some of the photos that you used in your doco. Could you get back to me. Thanks.

  2. Great website full of heaps of info on the noutrious Australian bushranger Ben Hall........

  3. This is a great site.
    There is an online Bushrangers Book store here. I think it has many of the books you mention

  4. Hello Mark,
    I am trying to track down some historic images relating to Ben hall for the professional research I'm conducting. However, it seems you've been able to track down images I've seen no where else. Consequently, I'd be very keen to speak with you this week when you have a moment.
    Thanks in advance for your time.